National Logistics System (Sislognas) issued by the government as a Presidential Decree (Decree) No. 26 The year 2012 is one of the instruments developed by the government in supporting the improvement of Indonesia competitiveness in ASEAN free trade in 2015 and public welfare. The National Logistics System blueprint classifies Batubara Regency as a special economic zone area. This classification is given since Batubara Regency has a Port which is planned to be an International Hub Port, the Port of Kuala Tanjung.
Responding to this issue, the Commission C of Batubara Regency’s Regional House of Representative which is responsible for people welfare, one of which covers the areas of education, plans to increase the quality of human resources of Batubara Regency through education, particularly in the area of logistics. It is intended to prepare local human resources to implement the National Logistics System (Sislognas) plan. Visit to PUSTRAL-UGM aimed to discuss the possibility of introducing logistics into the curriculum of vocational school. Deputy Chiefs of PUSTRAL UGM, Mr. Arif Wismadi and Mr. Pramono Hadi hosted the visit.
In line with the increase of population and changes in consumption patterns and life-style of Indonesian people, there is an increasing need of beef. Currently, the need of beef in Indonesia has been fulfilled through various ways, such as from local farm as well as imports of life cattle and beef.
Currently, Indonesian beef consumption reaches 1.7 kg per capita per year or equal to 1.75 to 2.0 million of life cattle (Directorate General of Husbandry, 2008) and Indonesia can only meet approximately 70% of the need, the rest (30%) is obtained from imports. Referring to the livestock statistics (2010), it is known that the export of beef reached 735 tonnes, while the import reached 77,412 tonnes. It means that Indonesia is still facing a demand gap of beef. Under these conditions, it is critical to fill that demand gap by increasing the supply of domestic beef. Areas which have the potential to be beef supplier and have a surplus tendency can be encouraged to fill the gap, particularly for Java area.
Guaranteeing beef supply is a challenge for beef supply chain management. With the limited capabilities of Java to produce cattle to meet the needs of consumers in Java, it is necessary to find other areas in Indonesia as a potential source of local cattle producers to fill the demand gap. Bali, NTT and NTB are the potential provinces to be prospective cattle producers compared to other provinces in Indonesia. Based on the ratio of cow number in comparison to the population, Bali, NTT, and NTB provinces currently have the highest ratio of availability.
This study aims to identify some of the following key points:
a. locations of production centres of beef cattle in NTB and NTT provinces;
b. marketing channels and distribution systems from farmers to interisland traders and marketing channels in consumption areas (especially Jakarta and its surroundings);
c. the most efficient logistics cost from production areas to consumption areas;
d. the most efficient model or systems of beef distribution from producer areas to consumer areas (Jakarta and its surroundings); and
e. kinds of logistics infrastructure needed to be developed to support effective and efficient beef supply chain.
Currently PUSTRAL UGM works in a team led by PT. Asana Wirasta Setia (private consultant base in Jakarta) in preparation of new airport development in South Banten, Banten Province. This new airport is located at Pandeglang Regency, south Banten. According to Ministry Decree No 433/2010, the airport plans to handle 12 million passenger for next 20 years with runway able to handle the wide body aircraft’s. The team works to prepare the strategic first stage development because the transportation ministry expected the development of this airport will be by private money, very different from usual project that use public money in airport development. At first stage, this airport also mainly for tourism to attract visitors to come to the famous Ujung Kulon and Tanjung Lesung resort area.
At 2012 PUSTRAL UGM involved in the feasibility study and master plan formulation for new airport in Yogyakarta, in cooperation with Landrum and Brown Australia with client GVK Airport, India. Adisutjipto Airport, the existing airport of Yogyakarta has been over capacity for years and not able to maintain good service for the fast growing air traffic in this region. Surrounded by houses, short runway, there are no more space for development in this airport. Also there are raising questions about the safety aspect of this airport with the presence of natural obstacles (mountain) and no space buffer at both runway ends. Another constraint is the fact that this airport is belong to air force that serve as base and flying school. All of those constraint leave this airport with very limited capacity.
After selection process, it was recommended that location of new airport will be at Kulon Progo Regency, about 35 km west of Yogyakarta City. The new airport is expected be able to handle big capacity (could reach 24 million passenger per year at 30 years time) both at land side capacity or air side capacity. The new airport is expected also within one hour travel (or less) from nearest city, by provision of good road and railway access. The airport is designed to handle large domestic traffic using B737/A320 family aircraft’s, while also able to handle the large aircraft to directly flying to Dubai or Jeddah (for Haj purpose). An airport city complex will also be provided. This airport will be developed using PPP scheme, may the first one in the sector. Indonesia does not have many experiences in using PPP scheme for infrastructure except for toll road and water.
PUSTRAL UGM also involved is the other option for air transportation access to this region by possibility to combine the Adisutjipto Airport of Yogyakarta with Adi Soemarmo Airport of Solo, about 60 km to east. The Adi Soemarmo Airport also managed by military. The train is used to connect these two airports. Unfortunately, combining of both airports still not able to handle the projected air traffic in this region.
Definition and understanding of ‘logistics’ term vary among persons. In the context of disaster management, particularly, misunderstanding frequently happens. Indeed, understanding the concept of logistics becomes determining factor for the success of disaster management and mitigation. This fact has encouraged the Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies (PUSTRAL) Universitas Gadjah Mada to organize a seminar on Humanitarian Logistics and Disaster Management in Indonesia. The seminar had been organized on March 19, 2013 in Wisma Kagama UGM.
Dr. Kuncoro Harto Widodo, Director of PUSTRAL, underlined that in-depth understanding and insight on humanitarian logistics were very important for humanitarian employees working in government bodies such as BNPB and BPBD, NGOs, academic institutions, or private organizations. “This seminar discuss about experiences, challenges and potentials of the humanitarian logistics development in Indonesia”, Dr. Kuncoro said.
In his opening speech, Vice Rector for Research and Community Service Affairs, Prof. Dr. Suratman, welcomed and appreciated the organization of the seminar which was a collaboration between PUSTRAL-UGM and Kuehne Foundation-NUS Education Center for Humanitarian Logistics Asia Pacific, Singapore, Master Program on Management of Infrastructure and Community Development (MICD) UGM, and PT. Satas Transportindo International. “This seminar is important and real contribution of UGM and the embodiment of main responsibility of study centers in UGM which should always be critical through research activity and take smart initiative to solve national and humanitarian problems”, Prof. Suratman said. He also emphasized the important of multi-sector collaboration in coping with the challenges and solving a problem. “Higher education institution is an agent of change which shall be able to bridge collaboration of various sectors, government, community and private sectors” he continued.
The seminar had invited Mr. Sunardi, M.Sc (Director of Logistics, BNPB); Prof. Dr. Sunyoto Usman (Academics and Member of Board of Researcher, PUSTRAL-UGM); Mr. Frans Toegimin (Coordinator of Yogyakarta Disaster Risk Reduction Forum); Mrs. Siti Ariyanti (Director of PT. Satas Transportindo International); and Jonas Stumpf (Program Director of Kuehne Foundation-NUS Education Center for Humanitarian Logistics Asia Pacific). Participants, coming from government institution, NGOs, university, humanitarian organization, and private, were very enthusiastic to participate in the seminar.
On May 3, 2012, located at Graha Sabha Pramana Lt.1, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, PUSTRAL-UGM had successfully organized the socialization of the national logistics system. This activity was held in cooperation with Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.
The socialization was attended by Rector of Universitas Gadjah Mada, Prof. Sudjarwaji, Deputy IV of Coordinating Minister for Economy, Bp. Edy Putra Irawady, and practitioners and academics concerning in logistics who come from Yogyakarta and surrounding areas.
Moderated by Dr. Kuncoro Harto Widodo, Director of PUSTRAL-UGM, the socialization presented four topics of discussion. The first topic was President Regulation Number 26/2012 concerning the Blue Print of National Logistics System Development which was presented by Director of Investment Trade and Economic Cooperation, BAPPENAS – Amalia Adininggar Widyasanti Ph.D. The second topic was presented by the Chairman of the Logistics Education Development and Planning Team, Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs – Prof. Senator Nur Bahafia. He presented the Arrangement of Education System and Competency Standard for National Logistics Professionals. The third presentation was about Policy on Consolidated Container for Least Container Load (LCL) Development, which was presented by Director of Customs and Excise Information, Directorate General of Customs and Excise, Ministry of Finance, Susiwijono. The last presentation was delivered by the researcher from Center for Logistics and Supply Chain Studies, ITB, presenting policy on dryport development.
On April 12, 2012, PUSTRAL-UGM, in collaboration with PSE-UGM (Center for Energy Studies, and PSEKP-UGM (Center for Economic Democracy Studies), had organized a roundtable discussion on Endurance and Security of Energy Indonesia taken place in PUSTRAL-UGM meeting room. Rector, lecturers, researchers, and practitioners of Universitas Gadjah Mada working on economic field and energy endurance had attended the event. Among them are Heru Sutomo (PUSTRAL-UGM), Anggito Abimanyu (FEB UGM), Fahmi Radhy (FEB UGM), and Sudiartono (PSE UGM)
Universitas Gadjah Mada, largest and oldest university in Indonesia starts the implementation of greener policy inside campus. Started from year 2011 (July 2011), all new students are not allowed to use their motorized vehicle (motorcycles and cars) inside campus area. The program is welcomed and appreciated by many, although some are questioning several aspects of this policy such as equity and sustainability as well the technical aspect of the program like safety and technical design.
Back to 2005, our center together with Center for Tourism Studies UGM and Center for Environmental Studies UGM initiated the ‘Green Bike’ program, providing free bikes for use in campus and surrounding area including interconnection with near campus area (other universities). This ‘Green Bike’ program was on voluntary basis, use funding from many donors. Although there were some regular users, this program faced many challenges scaling up the activity to bigger size, such as reguler funding and management.
Started from September 2011, the new system called ‘Campus Bike’ is provided for (especially new) students. The system connects 8 bike stations with 230 bikes (at beginning) at free. The student only needs to show their student card and the bike is ready to use. The have to return the bike within 30 minutes in the destination stations and ‘logout’. The system is designed to be able to upgrade using computerized system, but in the beginning the operation still using manual recording. If the student is not return the bike, their names will be recorded until they return the bike. The policy also facilitated private bike users and public transport users. The university provides bike parking in every building. The university also has cooperation with public transport operator to provide cheaper ticket for students.
Some regular bike users appreciate the program very well. Recently, biking activity is also increasing in the city especially for youngster and several groups like workers or students. The Yogyakarta city also has been established campaign program called ‘SegoSegawe‘ (biking for school and work). On the other side, the question rises over the safety measure to prevent the crash especially in area with high conflict between bike and motorized vehicles (such as at crossing). There is also question about the equity aspect when only new students that not allowed to bring their motorcycle/car to the campus, while older students are not. The other question is about the sustainability of the program regarding the improvement of the system.
Like any other ‘new’ initiative – biking actually is not new in Yogyakarta (used to be known as Bike City) – the questions and appreciations will always be there. Our center has been committed to provide technical assistant to the program as well as other networking activity to support this green program.
Check what our researcher’s idea on city logistics improvement. Go to https://www.citylogistics-ideacontest.com/pool.php and search for username Arif Wismadi and Juhri Iwan Agriawan.