Telecommunication has been the important part of everyday life as well as good program such as Universal Service Obligation (USO) in telecommunication sector. Universal service obligation has been the driving force for narrowing the gap between urban and rural area. Universal Service is to achieve availability, non-discriminatory access and widespread affordability of telephone services. Universal Service is in general a per-household concept measured by the percentage of households with a telephone. Universal Access is taken to mean that each person is within a reasonable distance of public-access telephone. Universal service obligation has been a central focus of the development in telecommunication sector contributing to larger development objectives of reducing poverty through creating access for rural community to information and thus new opportunity to improve their livelihood. It further enables rural community, poor people and least developed regions to exploit their social and economic potentials.
The policy migration on USO program to development performance and inter-sectoral approach lead to development of knowledge-based economy. It refers to the use of knowledge to produce economic benefits. It is part of transition to a “knowledge economy”, as an extension of “information society”. The transition requires that the rules and practices that determined success in the industrial economy need rewriting in an interconnected, globalised economy where knowledge resources such as know-how, expertise, and intellectual property are more critical than other economic resources such as land, natural resources, or even manpower.
From development perspective there is strong demand for policy migration on USO Program, from organizing a regulatory conformance to development performance. Hence, USO program not only focusing in providing the infrastructure and the matter of the regulation compliance, but also providing service or development performance. In addition it also migrates from Independent (Telecommunication Sector) to Interdependent (Multi Sectors).
To respond those issues, a forward-looking technology choices are became very important since the wide range of various demand exist in USO program with multi-sector approach. In the near future, communications facilities and service competition is expected to increase as the communications sector converges. The demand for converging communication will shift technology to one based on IP protocol and gravitates towards new kinds of networks built with technologies such as wireless, wireline, fibre, cable, powerline, and satellite. Toward this trend the Next Generation Network (NGN) technology offers capability for converging communication and providing unlimited service options.
This project brief indicates a term of reference for participating member states and its dialog partners to identify rural demand for the implementation of Next Generation Network (NGN) in Universal Service Obligation (USO) practices for ASEAN countries and provide a recommendation for intersectoral approach for knowledge base economy in rural area in the region. The main objectives of the project are:
This project is already finished and produce several interesting findings, guidelines, and recommendations. The report can be downloaded at www.pustral-ugm.org/irud. Please note that the contents of this documentation is the sole responsibility of PUSTRAL UGM and in no way be taken reflect the views of the ASEAN nor Government of Japan.